Q. What do you mean by Union Council of Ministers?



Article 74 of the Constitution of India provides for the real executive i.e. the Union Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head. Theoretically the Council of Ministers and Prime Minister are to aid and advise the President in the exercise of his powers. However in reality, all powers of the President are used by the PM and his ministry… The President is bound by the advice of the PM and his Council of Ministers.


Organization of Council of ministers

Art. 75 of the Constitution lays down following basic rules regarding the organisation of the Union Council of Ministers:

(a)  The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. All other ministers are appointed by the President upon the advice of the Prime Minister.

(b)  The ministers hold office during the pleasure of the President.

(c)  The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the House of the People (Lok Sabha).

(d)  The salaries and allowances of ministers are such as the Parliament determines by law.


Composition of Council of ministers:

Regarding the minimum numbers of minister, the prime minister’s discretion shall always prevail, but when it comes to the maximum numbers, it is ensured by 91st Constitutional amendment act, 2003, that total number should not exceed 15% of total membership of that particular house.


Categories of ministers in COM

A.    Cabinet Ministers:

Their number is between 15- 20. They enjoys important position in COM and holds key portfolios.

B.    State ministers, and

C.    Deputy ministers,

The state and deputy ministers comes after the hierarchy of cabinet ministers, and helps them to function the government.


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  Also Read: Important Descriptive Questions On Constitutional Law, Click Here

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