Question: What is attempt? Provide classification of attempt.


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The term "attempt" is not explicitly defined in the Indian Penal Code (IPC). However, it is commonly understood as an unsuccessful effort to commit a crime.

Illustration: A, with the intention to commit robbery, enters B’s house with a dangerous weapon. However, before he could complete his intended act and ensure his departure from the house, an alarm rings, and security apprehends him. His actions can be categorized as an attempted robbery.


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Classification of Attempt

The IPC addresses attempted crimes in three main ways:

  1. 1.                   Punishment under the same section for both the attempt and the commission of the offense. Examples of such provisions include Sections 121, 124, 124-A, 125, 130, 131, 152, 153-A, 161, 162, 163, 165, 196, 198, 200, 213, 240, 241, 251, 385, 387, 389, 391, 394, 395, 397, 459 and 460.
  2. 2.                   Distinct sections for the punishment of attempt and commission of the crime. For instance, murder is dealt with under Section 302, while attempted murder is covered by Section 307.
  3. 3.                   When no specific punishment is defined for an attempt, Section 511 of the IPC comes into play. This section prescribes punishment, which may involve half the maximum imprisonment term or a fine mentioned for the offense or both.

In summary, the code indeed considers attempts as punishable actions.



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