One-Liner Guide to Indian Constitutional Law, Part II


Greetings, legal enthusiasts and curious minds!

Welcome to our One-Liner Guide to Indian Constitutional Law. It’s part II of the series. In this journey through the intricate tapestry of India's legal foundation, we embark on a concise yet insightful exploration of key elements, milestones, and personalities that have shaped the constitutional landscape. Whether you're a law student, a passionate learner, or just someone curious about the foundations of India's governance, join us as we unravel the complexities and nuances of Indian Constitutional Law.

Read part I by clicking here.


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31. Who initiated the presentation of the 'Objective Resolution' on January 22, 1947?

Jawaharlal Nehru.

32. When was the 'Objective Resolution' moved and adopted?

Moved on: December 13, 1946, and adopted on January 22, 1947

33.  On what date did the Constituent Assembly of India convene its inaugural meeting?

December 9, 1946.

34. Who served as the Provisional President of the Constituent Assembly?

Mr. Sachchidananda Sinha.

35. Whom did the Constituent Assembly elect as its Permanent Chairman on December 11, 1946?

Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

36. Who was appointed as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee to prepare a Draft Constitution of India?

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.

37. Who all were the members of the Drafting Committee?

B.R. Ambedkar (As the Chairman of the drafting committee.), Rest are: Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar, N. Gopalaswami, K.M Munshi, Mohammad Saadulla, B.L. Mitter, and D.P. Khaitan.

Note: B.L.Mitter resigned due to health issues and was replaced by N Madhav Rau. D.P.Khaitan died in 1948 and was replaced by TT Krishnamachari.

38. Most of the provisions in our Constitution have been borrowed from which legislation?

The Government of India Act 1919.

39. What does 'Diarchy,' introduced by the Government of India Act 1919, entail?

It means a system of double government.

40. On what date was the Constitution of India adopted?

November 26, 1949.

Question: State the provisions related to citizenship of India provided in the Indian Constitution.


41. When did the Constitution of India come into force?

January 26, 1950.

42. How many Articles, Parts, and Schedules does the Constitution of India contain originally?

395 articles, 22 parts, and 8 schedules.

43. How long did it take for the Constituent Assembly to prepare the Constitution of India?

2 years, 11 months, 18 days.

44. What is a Constitution that can be amended by a simple act of the legislature termed?

A Flexible Constitution.

45. Under Article 1 of the Constitution, how is India described?

As a Union of States.

46. How would you characterize the flexibility of the Indian Constitution?

It is partly rigid and partly flexible.

47. How is the Indian Constitution recognized in terms of its form and spirit?

Federal in form and Unitary in spirit.

48.  Why was January 26th chosen as the inauguration date of the Constitution?

Because Congress observed it as Independence Day in 1930.

49. Why is November 26th, 1949, significant in Indian constitutional history?

Because the Constitution was adopted on this day.

50. The Office of the Governor General of India was for the first time created under?

Regulating Act, 1773

Question: Explain “Citizenship by Domicile”.


51. Upon what model is the Parliamentary system of Government in India based?

The pattern of Great Britain.

52. To whom does the word 'WE' in the Preamble refer?

The citizens of India.

53. What is an important benchmark to identify the fundamental characteristics of the Indian Constitution?

The Preamble.

54. What principles are enshrined in the Preamble to the Constitution?

Justice, Liberty, Equality, Integrity and Fraternity.

55. In which part of the Indian Constitution is India described as a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic?

The Preamble.

56. How many times has the Preamble of the Indian Constitution been amended?


57. Which amendment introduced changes to the Preamble?

The 42nd Amendment, 1976.

58. What does 'Fraternity' signify in the Preamble?

The spirit of brotherhood.

59. When were the words 'Socialist Secular' added to the Preamble?

By the 42nd Amendment.

60. If the Head of the State is an elected functionary for a fixed term, what kind of state is it?

A Republican state.

Previous: Read part I by clicking here.

 Next: Read part III by clicking here.

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